Professional Pest Control Services
Serving Ottawa and Area
In the last 8 to 10 years bed bugs have returned from the brink of extinction in North America. Since that time it is remarkable how quickly they have reasserted themselves as a major problem. The reason for their success is a result of a number of factors:
Bed bugs are parasitic bugs that live on human blood. Their life cycle goes from egg to nymph through 5 instars (bug will molt its skin becoming larger with each molt) to a sexually mature adult. The female will lay 200-400 eggs in her lifetime. The egg is approximately 1mm in length and will usually hatch out within 10 days and begin to feed immediately. It can take 3 to 10 minutes to feed. Under ideal living conditions, the bed bugs life cycle will be 4 to 6 months. Under severe conditions, namely cooler temperatures and a lack of hosts, the life span may be up to a year or longer. Bed bugs generally feed at night and hide in dark cracks and crevices after feeding. These hiding places are usually within 6 feet of where their host sleeps or rests and are often located in the box spring, bed frame, head board, bed side tables, picture frames, baseboards or even electronics sitting on a bedside table.
Harm and Damage:
Bed bugs can take up to 6 times their weight in blood during one feeding event. Some people are allergic to these bites and will display visual symptoms while others may not. It has never been proven that they transmit human disease. They defecate frequently; their feces are reddish brown to black in colour and will smear quite easily when fresh, leaving an unsightly mess wherever they nest.